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One of the most popular wood stains in Ireland. We sell more light walnut wood stain than any other wood stains. Together. A light walnut wood stain is a very neutral wood stain and it is enjoyed by younger and older generation. This wood stain can be used to stain all types of solid and semi solid wood floors. It will look superb with a satin finish on it.


-tover light walnut wood stain is one of the most popular wood stain ever

-this oil based wood stain can be sealed with water based or oil based varnishes

-suitable for staining furniture and all types of solid and semi solid wood floors

-this product has a huge coverage area and it is highly cost effective

-it will enhance and improve the look of even damaged wood floors

-tover light walnut wood stain can be used by professional and domestic customers


Light Walnut Wood Stain – Where to use

Like all Tover products, Tover Light Walnut Wood Stain is a very easy to use wood care product. It is suitable for staining solid  & semi solid wood floors but it can be used for staining all types of wood surfaces. Bear in mind that a wood stain is not a finishing coat and it will not provide any type of protection. All surfaces treated with a wood stain will need to be sealed with a varnish or a polish. Apply this wood stain on dry and clean wood surfaces only. Not suitable for laminate floors regardless of thickness.


Light Walnut Wood Stain – How to use

To be able to achieve good results when staining a wood surface you will need to follow few simple steps. You cannot stain wood surfaces that have some type of finish on it. Tover Light Walnut Wood Stain can be applied only to untreated wood surfaces. If there is a type of finish on the surface that has to be treated, please sand it up until the wood is exposed. Apply a thin coat of wood stain with the help of a towel cloth or some type of very absorbent cloth. Move fast up and down the fibre of the wood and allow the wood to absorb as much as it can. Remove the excess stain as you go along. If after one staining you are not full happy with the colour achieved, you can apply a second coat of wood stain. The wood stain is oiled based and it will require at least 6 hours to dry in full. Most people will allow it to dry for 24 hours. It is very important to cover with masking tapes all the areas close to the area that you plan to stain. Wear a pair of latex gloves and enjoy your new looking floors.


Tover Wood Stains have become some of the most used wood stains in Ireland. Those wood stains have a very particular look and are designed to enhance any surface treat it with it. More and more people are staining their own wood without the help of a professional company. If you need any help or if you need us to explain you in detail how to do it, give us a call. We are here to help you out and we really enjoy it.


Light Walnut Wood Stain – professional results for less!



Wood Staining Guide

What makes you prefer one piece of furniture over another even if they have the same design? The wood. Wood is not all equally beautiful. The beauty and colour of the grain is a huge factor in determining how desirable a wooden item is- whether it’s your seat at home, door at the office, or the fence surrounding your yard. That's why wood stains are popular. 


Whether you want to emphasise your wood grain or make new wood look like an antique, you can get a wood stain to do it for you. It can give lightwood character, deepen or change the colour of your wood item, restore colour to bleached areas, to even make common wood look rare. 


Types Of Wood Stain

Are you looking to update your cabinets or wood furniture? Whether you want to refinish your front wooden door or transform your kitchen cabinets, you can make them to end up looking luxe. There are 2 general wood stain options to choose from:


· Oil based stains

They are more user-friendly and easy to apply on the wood. They require more time to dry, which allows them to bring out a more even finish. They come in both liquid and gel forms. The liquid is the most common. They use solvents such as linseed oil, turpentine or mineral spirits. The gel stains are applied in layers to the surface of the wood, instead of rubbing them in. Gel wood stain is not very liquid, instead coming off as a thick pudding. You can use oak wood stain to convert it from honey into a rich and beautiful mocha brown, or vice versa. 


· Water-based stains

They are non-toxic. One of their advantages is that don’t produce any dangerous fumes. It’s also easy to clean up the working area after you're done- you just need soap and water. They evaporate faster than the oil-based wood stains, so you will need to be quick when applying them. 


How To Choose A Wood Stain

First take a good look at your piece of furniture. Some types of wood just need a light touch of stain to improve them- like of cherry, mahogany, maple, aged pine, rosewood, or any of the rare woods. The lighter ones - such as beech, birch, poplar, gum, ash, and new pine - usually undergo staining before finishing, so check if it had been previously treated, to give you an idea of what type and how much product you will need. 


Your personal preference also comes into the picture. You'll want your furniture to appeal to your taste and blend with its environment. For instance, you may want a dark colour or perhaps a more pronounced grain pattern. Colour is a powerful determinant of our emotions. The colours that surround you can make you feel happy, and calm, relaxed or excited. That’s why it's vital to select the right wood stain colour. There’s a wide range of options, from linen, chestnut brown, evergreen and beige, to cedar, thatch, beach grass, dark and grey wood stain. When selecting a colour, remember that you won't be the only one living with it- especially when it comes to staining your furniture.


From the different types of wood stains available, plan your requirements and check out the labels. One of the things you should consider is your finish plan. Usually, most finishes can be applied to most types of stain. Be careful with polyurethane varnish. . It tends to add slight yellow tint. Instead, go for a similar-based finish. If you plan on using polyurethane, then ensure you get a stain that is compatible with it. Alternatively, you can get a clear penetrating resin sealer and apply it over the non-compatible stain. You can then apply the varnish without any problems.


Today's wood stains are required meet environmental rules. For instance, they lower volatile organic compounds. The VOCs are linked to pollution, smog, respiratory problems, and they can cause headaches or dizziness. They may also be carcinogenic. Professional wood stains adhere to the necessary environmental standards.


How To Use The Wood Stain

You’ll need to first prepare your wood for staining. Remove any splinters and grime, especially oily stains. Scrub the clean wood surface with a stiff bristle brush and rinse it thoroughly with water. Always it to dry before applying the wood stain. Some products such as wood lamps will need to be disassembled to make the work easier.


All wood stains require open pores in order to be adequately absorption into the wood. If there is raised grain, you will be required to sand with 80-100 grit sandpaper before proceeding (lower numbers indicate a coarser grit, higher numbers indicate a finer grit). Remember to always wear a dust mask while sanding wood. When sanding the surface of the product, just do it enough to break the previously finished seal. You want the wood to smooth and even to the touch. Sand with the grain of the wood and not against it. In-between the sandings, remove the dust using a tack cloth. When the wood is ready, you can apply the stain following these steps:


1. Start by testing out the product on an inconspicuous portion of the furniture to see if you are satisfied with the result. You can also test on a piece of scrap wood.


2. Stir the can with the wood stain thoroughly, especially if it's coloured. This will bring the pigments and dyes up from the bottom.


3. Apply the wood stain with a brush, soft sponge, roller or pad. Be generous in the decay-prone areas- like the end-grain or around fasteners. In case you're using a brush, work both with and against the grain. The correct mode of application is rubbing the stain into the wood using a circular motion. For woods with large, open pores, like oak, mahogany and ash, you’ll need to increase your pressure in order to work the stain into the pores.


4. If you want a light tone, wipe the excess stain off immediately. In case you want a deeper tone, allow the stain to penetrate for 5-10 minutes then remove excess with a rag. When wiping, ensure you go in the direction of the wood's grain. This will make certain that the stain permeates into the wood, and not just lay on top of the surface. It will also get rid of any marks. Do not wipe it clean like the normal stains, but also don’t leave it so heavy that it gets inclined to drip.


5. Apply more wood stain if you want it to be darker. Note that the first coat will appear darker than the second coat. Consecutive layers of coating will reflect light more uniformly, making them to have a higher sheen. Don't be quick to judge the colour from the first layer of wood stain you apply. In addition, consider the light source where you're working. Different light sources have different colour effects. For instance, indoor wood surfaces that are close to windows will be affected by interior bulbs and the sun outside. You can also have incandescent bulbs that are of different colours. When checking the resultant colour, take the light source into account.


Most wood stains require 24-48 hours to dry properly, so don’t place back your furniture or load your deck until it’s had time to dry properly. Plan accordingly especially when you’re needed to apply more layers.


Common Woods That Use Wood Stains

Top-performing stains will lighten your workload since they'll longer before you'll have to reapply them. The more durable options are usually the more expensive up front, but remember that their longer life will save you money in the long run. Popular wood that use the stain products include: 


1. Oak

This hardwood comes with large pores and a strong grain pattern. This enables it to absorb oak wood stain readily. It also goes with almost any colour of stain. It stains more evenly and doesn't turn blotchy.


2. Alder and Aspen

They are lightweight and easy to machine. However, you'll need to use a pre-stain wood conditioner for them since they don't absorb the stains evenly.


3. Birch

You'll also need a wood conditioner for this one, to reduce blotchiness when staining.


4. Ash and Chestnut

This hardwood is similar to oak. You can stain ash and chestnut items in the same way as the oak doors, furniture and cabinets.


5. Cherry

Its small pores prevent it from absorbing much stain. However, it doesn't need much treating, thanks to its unique reddish hue. You can find a wood stain that blends with its colour, or go for a transparent option.


6. Poplar

Its grain pattern is like that of cherry trees, without the hue. You can find coloured wood stains that match your taste.


7. Pine and Cedar

Apply a generous amount of re-stain conditioner, since these softwoods will absorb the stains unevenly.


8. Hard maple

It doesn't absorb stain evenly and you should not stain it using dark coloured stains. This is because its pores and really small and tightly packed together. It also has an uneven grain patter. When staining it, first apply a conditioner, and stick to transparent or light to medium coloured stains.


9. Mahogany

It's loved for its rich, dark


Problems Facing Wood


Your wood items- furniture and building structures, are under constant attack from the elements. Rain, sun, snow and dirt can all damage wood. Common problems affecting wood include: 


· Moisture

It affects wood in 2 ways: when it's over-dry, and when it's saturated with moisture. . As wood is dries from its original green condition, it begins to shrink. This will cause it to develop hairline cracks. As it absorbs moisture, it swells up and damages the structure. This changes in moisture content can cause large stresses in the wood, resulting in raised grain and a defect known as shelling. In addition, if wood freezes after absorbing water, it can start breaking. This can result in total collapse of a wood project. Hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters can wreak havoc on your wooden decks and fences. Moisture also allows wood to be attacked by insects, hinders the performance of finishes and paints, and it induces surface stains. A good place to observe this is deck boards, or a visit to water piers. The amount of shrinkage or swelling depends on the species of wood, its density and board direction.


· Wood degradation

This is primarily caused by fungi, insets and weathering. It’s also caused by fires, but there's not much the wood stain can do for you there- you just have to be careful with furniture placed around fireplaces. However, the stain is effective in protecting it from the other causative agents, by preventing the organisms from accessing the moisture and oxygen they need to thrive. A common cause of wood decay occurs when untreated wood is exposed to wet and dry conditions alternately, such as in ground contact, or when it collects moisture and remains moist for a long period. Weathering occurs when the wood is exposed to radical swings of the moisture content, high and low temperatures, and direct sunlight. It causes the wood to split up and its surface to become rough.


· Stains

These are not the stains that help wood, but those that damage it. They are mainly caused by the action of fungi on the wood's structure. Have you ever noticed some unsightly grey patches on your wood boards? Different wood-staining fungi produce various colour effects. For instance, there are the blue stains (sap stains) that occur in the sapwood of both hardwood such as yellow poplar, magnolia, tupelo and oak, and also softwoods. Brown stains (yellow to dark-brown discolorations) are especially common among the western pines. There is the additional risk of chemical stains- which cause changes in the wood cell walls. They can be caused by anything from spilling coffee or wine on the wood, to enzymatic or non-enzymatic oxidation of its organic compounds.


· Mould and mildew

Mould can grow on the surface of wood can produce cotton-like growths ranging from white and light shades to grey and black patches. It's just like what happens to bread. Mould is likely to form together with fungi, since they thrive under the same conditions. This is common with furniture kept in rooms with poor air circulation.


· Bacteria

While it does not deteriorate the wood, it causes some species to absorb excessive amount of moisture, which leads to more problems like interfering with the finish.


Benefits Of Wood Stain

It serves both aesthetic and functional purposes for any kind of wood in your home or office. Here are 5 ways how it preserves and accentuates your wood items:


1. It makes your wood waterproof. 

This protects it from those occasions when it will inadvertently be exposed to moisture- like when it comes to wood sidings and wooden decks. You are also not immune to the occasional beverage spill at home. The wood stain is a barrier that covers the surface of your wood, preventing water from seeping in and affecting it. This protects your structures from warping and twisting, and preserves their life.


2. Protects your wood from rotting.

With rot, there's no going back when it starts. The only solution for rotting wood is to have it replaced. Prevention here is definitely better than a cure. Rotten wood is also structurally unfit, and can cause injury to those who use it. Imagine seating on a chair only for it to collapse under you. Wood stain protects it from all causes of rot, from fungi, mould and mildew to pests like termites. 


3. Protects wood from the sun

Long-time exposure to sunlight damages wood. Direct UV light strips the colour from your wood items, leaving them looking faded and old, and resulting in unsightly discolouring. This mainly affects wood sidings, wooden decks or wood floors or furniture that are located near the windows. This also has hidden advantages- No splits or cracks reduces the chances of your kids getting splinters as they run around.


4. Preserves wood surfaces

Wood is a popular option for decks and other outdoor walking areas. Paint that’s used here will have low durability. It can start cracking and flaking away. This will damage its appearance and exposing the wood to the weather elements. In contrast, the wood stain lasts longer before requiring maintenance. In addition, it’s cheaper to apply. For instance, since it can be used without a primer, it halves the time required for application. 


5. Colours your wood.

Part of the beauty of wood stain is its ability to accent the texture of the wood. You can choose a stain to impart a definite colour to the wood. Are you looking to add a touch of style and elegance to your furniture? Getting a coloured wood stain is a great way to achieve your goals. There are different colours to choose from to match the wood to planned or existing ambiences. You can get dye-based stains, which are used on wood with small pores, or pigment-based stain that colour wood with bigger ones. These solid stain are like paint in that they leave a solid colour coating on the surface. You don't have to colour your wood. Some people imply want to preserve and highlight the natural beauty of a wood surface. Perhaps you merely want to tint it lightly, allow much of its natural colouring to show through. You can use grey wood stain to give it an antique look. There are clear wood stains for these that are entirely transparent. Additionally, you can get a balance between entirely opaque and transparent wood stains. Semi-transparent wood stains are popular options for decks, fences, those areas where you want to see the grain of the wood, and where you want a rustic look for the wood.


Tips For Staining Wood

· The natural colour of an outdoor wood structure can be partially maintained by scrubbing the wood surface annually using a commercial wood cleaner. This way you can help maintain the natural feel of a wood structure like your fence. 


· Do not use steel wool to sand the wood. It cases severe iron stains on dried wood surfaces.


· Apply a thin coat of wood conditioner before the using the wood stain. This will prevent the stain from leaving blotches on the wood especially around the knots. It makes the wood accept the stain more evenly, especially when dealing with pine. Give it 15 minutes to dry.


· How often do you need to stain? It depends on the surface. For instance, horizontal surfaces, like the deck floor, experience more foot traffic and therefore require more maintenance- at least once a year. Note that everything collects, sits and rests on them, hence the higher risk of damage. You can also read the manufacturers’ recommendations to direct you on how often you’ll need to reapply the stain.


· You can mix stain to develop your own unique customized colour. However, ensure that both stains are from the same manufacturer, and that both are either water-based or oil-based. Never mix oil and water. If you want to use a water-based finish over an oil-based stain, wait for a full 24 hours. This will give the mineral spirits from the oil-based stain enough time to evaporate. In case it’s cold or rainy outside, give it an extra 24 hours.


· You can apply a polyacrylic finish to seal the stain, which will prevent chipping- like for those frequent times when you bump against or close cabinet doors. Apply it using either your brush or aerosol spray


· Work in a well-ventilated area, especially when dealing with oil-based stains, since there will be fumes.


· Protect nearby surfaces from contact with stains. Vinyl siding and fencing can easily absorb them, and they will be difficult to remove. Concrete also readily absorbs wood stain. You can cover the surfaces using non-absorbent paper and tape it with painter’s tape. If you are spraying, watch out for nearby furniture and cars, as you can hit them with overspray, especially if it’s windy.


· When staining, protect your eyes and skin by wearing safely goggles and rubber gloves. Wear an overall or at least some old clothes, just in case you spill some wood stain. Remember that something that can stain wood can also stain your fingers and clothes.

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